## Art 1 Vocabulary by Unit

**ELEMENTS**

Lines

Lines

**--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------**

**Line:**A mark that is longer than it is wide.

**Line Quality (line weight):**Refers to the thickness or thinness of a line

**Hatching:**Parallel lines used to create value

**Cross Hatching:**Crossed lines used to create value

**Contour:**The outline of an object. Shows the general shape without adding details

**Cross Contour:**Follows the contour of an object and emphasizes form

**Shapes**

**--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------**

**Shape**: Lines are used to create 2-dimensional enclosed spaces.

**Geometric Shapes:**Can be described using mathematical equations (square, circle, etc.)

**Organic (freeform) Shapes:**Don't seem to follow any mathematical equation, are irregular or asymmetrical, and often associated with nature

**Forms --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------**

**Form:**Objects that are 3-dimensional. Often used to describe sculpture. Two dimensional art can create the illusion of form through the use of PERSPECTIVE and SHADING techniques.

**Value --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------**

**Value:**The lightness and darkness of a color

**Value Scale:**Shows the range from dark to light

**Tint:**When you add white to a color and lighten it.

**Shades:**When you add black to a color and darken it.

**Ways to Shade:**Hatching (parallel lines), Cross Hatching (crossed lines), Stippling (small dots), Circular Lines (scribbles), Blending (shading and using blending to show highlights)

**Highlights:**Where the light hits and object

**Shadows:**Where the light is not hitting

**Space --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------**

**Space:**Refers to a feeling of depth or three dimensions

Background:

Midground:

Foreground:

Positive:

Negative:

**How to Create the Illusion of Space --------------------------**

Overlapping:Ojects that are closer block or are in front of objects that are further away

Overlapping:

**Placement:**Objects higher in the image appear farther away

**Size:**Objects that are smaller appear further away

**Detail:**Objects that are farther away have less details

**Color:**Objects that are farther away appear to be cooler in color and lighter

**Texture --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------**

**Color**

**--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------**

**PRINCIPLES**

Balance

Balance

**--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------**

**Emphasis**

**--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------**

**Movement**

**--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------**

**Proportion**

**--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------**

**Rhythm**

**--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------**

**Unity**

**--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------**

**Variety**

**--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------**

**PROJECTS**

**Zentangle --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------**

**Perspective:**P

**Negative Space Haunted House --------------------------------------------------------------------**

**Perspective:**P

**1 & 2 Point Perspective --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------**

**Perspective:**Perspective is a way of showing where the observer is. The objects themselves don’t have perspective, you the observer, do.

Linear Perspective: Linear perspective (also called geometric perspective) is a technique used to represent 3-D forms

on a flat, 2-D surface. Linear perspective uses horizon lines, vanishing points, and converging lines

to depict forms.

**Point of view:**Where you are viewing the objects from

**Bird’s eye view:**Perspective view looking down from above

**Worm's eye view**

**:**Perspective view looking up from below

**One-Point Perspective:**One-point perspective occurs when rectangular forms are placed so that their sides are either parallel to the picture plane or perpendicular to it. There is one central vanishing point in one-point perspective.

**Two-Point Perspective:**Two-point perspective is necessary when rectangular objects are positioned so that their faces are at an angle to the artist’s line of sight. There are two vanishing points for an object in two-point perspective. If there are two cubes at different angles to the viewer each cube will have it’s own vanishing points, but only one horizon line.

**Horizon Line:**The horizon line is the same as the real horizon (where the earth meets the sky). The horizon line is also considered to be at the artist’s eye level. If the horizon line cannot be seen because of obstructions it can be located by drawing a line at the artist’s eye level.

**Vanishing Point(s):**In perspective, the lines of an object extend to and meet at the vanishing point, which is on the horizon line.

**Orthogonal Lines (converging lines or receding lines:**The term used to describe parallel lines which appear to converge in the system of linear (one-point) perspective.

**Horizontal Lines:**Straight lines parallel to the horizon.

**Vertical Lines:**Lines that are drawn at right angles to the horizon, running straight up and down.

**Diagonal Line:**A straight line from a corner to the opposite (diagonal) corner of a cube, rectangle, parallelogram, etc

**Overlapping:**Overlapping is a way to create the illusion of depth in an artwork. Objects that are in front of other

objects look closer to the viewer.

**Portraits --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------**

**Perspective:**Pers

**Value Color Painting --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------**

**Perspective:**Pers